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"ISA takes responsibility for the cartographic analysis but not for third party information. Given differences of base and scale, the map should only be considered as illustrative.

Conservation Areas (Unidades de Conservação - UCs) and Indigenous Lands (Terras Indígenas - TIs)

Source: Instituto Socioambiental (ISA), Protected Area Monitoring Programme
Scale: 1:100.000 (Brazilian Amazonia); 1:250.000 (federal CAs outside Brazilian Amazonia) and multiple scales (state CAs outside Brazilian Amazonia)
Data: updated daily
Daily examination of the Diário Oficial da União (official federal gazette) and the official gazettes of the states of the Legal Amazon region over many years (with the exception of that of the state of Amapá which only became available from December 2016) enables monitoring of the creation, revocation and alteration of the boundaries and categories of Conservation Areas and the evolution of recognition of Indigenous Lands. From the descriptive statement contained in decrees establishing Conservation Areas (UCs) and the recognition ordinances for Indigenous Lands - technical information that describes the limits of these protected areas by means of geographical coordinates and administrative boundaries - we plot their areas on a cartographic base of 1:100,000 for Amazonia and 1:250,000 for federal CAs of the rest of the country. The base maps used are: compilation of the hydrographic base of the DSG, IBGE and MMA at a scale of 1:100,000 for the Amazon region and the cartographic base compiled by the IBGE (2015) at the scale 1:250: 000 for the rest of Brazil. The daily reading of the official gazettes also allows monitoring of management actions, such as approval of management tools (management plans, public uses and other actions); creation, appointment and approval of the regulations of the management councils; actions relating to the regularization of land rights; compensation of Legal Reserves and the concession of use rights to public lands, among others. Given that the availability of official gazettes on the Internet occurred at different moments in time, in order to validate and complement such information, we periodically conduct direct consultations with the protected area management bodies (state government environment bodies and the federal protected areas authority ICMBio). In the case of state UCs outside Amazonia, the base is consolidated by searching the responsible bodies once a year.


Biomes
Source: Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística - IBGE), an agency of the Ministry of Planning, Budget and Management. Scale: 1:5,000,000
Date: 2004 - first approximation.


Phytophysiognomies
Source: Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Scale: 1:5,000,000 Due to the large number of contact types among phytophysionomies, all have been grouped into a single class called 'contacts' when viewed on web page maps.
Date: 1996

Vegetation
Source: Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), Directorate of Geosciences (DGC), Coordination of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies (CREN) Scale: The original data comes from the vegetation mapping carried out during the Radam Brasil Project during the 1970s and 1980s. The original delineations, compatible with the 1:1,000,000 scale, were recovered, compared and adjusted to allow continuous representation across the whole Brazilian territory.
Date: 2015

Otto Basins
National Water Agency (Agência Nacional de Águas - ANA)
Scale: compatible with scale 1:1,000,000.
Date: 2015

Bacias Hidrográficas
Source: National Water Agency (Agência Nacional de Águas - ANA), an agency of the Ministry of Environment (MMA)
Scale: 1: 1,000,000 Classes of groupings: river basins level 1 and 2.
Date: 2007.

Deforestation
Source: Monitoring Project of the Brazilian Amazonian Forest by Satellite (Projeto de Monitoramento da Floresta Amazônica Brasileira por Satélite - PRODES), National Institute for Space Research (Instituto Nacional de Investigações Espaciais - INPE), an agency of the Ministry of Science and Technology and Innovation (MCTI)
Scale: Thematic data classified according to PRODES Digital project legends for vector representation. For more information on the PRODES methodology, visit: http://www.obt.inpe.br/prodesdigital/metodologia.html
Date: annual, in accordance with availability from INPE (data for 2017, last updated in 2018)

Heat sources
Source: National Institute of Space Research (INPE)
A source indicates the existence of fire in an image resolution element (pixel), which can vary from 1 km2 to 5 km2. In this pixel there may be one or more distinct fires, although only one source will be shown. If the fire is extensive, it will be represented in neighbouring pixels, that is, several outbreaks are associated with a single large heat source. For the daily representation of heat sources, we used the reference satellite AQUA-M-T (MODIS sensor, overhead in the early afternoon).
For more details go to: http://www.inpe.br/queimadas/portal/informacoes/perguntas-frequentes
Date: updated daily, the previous day’s fires are always visible.

Mining applications
Source: National Mining Agency (Agência Nacional de Mineração - DNPM), Ministry of Mines and Energy
Date: January 2018
Classes of clusters: Due to the large numbers of titles, these have been grouped into four categories according to their stage in the process:
Phase Grouping Class:
1. Interest in research: prospecting application
2. Under investigation or available: research authorized; availability
3. Application to mine: mining application; prospecting request; licensing application; application for extraction registration
4. Authorization to mine: mining concession granted; prospecting authorized; licensing; extraction registered

Energy
Source: National Electrical Energy Agency (Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica - ANEEL), an agency of the Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME)
Scale: not applicable
Date: 31/07/2017
Grouping categories: grouped by type (PCH - Small Hydroelectric Plant, UHE - Hydroelectric Plant, UTE - Thermoelectric) and by phase (in operation, under construction, concession granted and in planning)

Oil
Source: National Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels Agency (Agência Nacional do Petróleo, Gás Natural e Biocombustíveis - ANP), Exploration and Production Database (BDEP).
Scale: not applicable
Date: 30/03/2017, data downloaded on 29/09/2017

Caves
Source: National Register of Speleological Information (Cadastro Nacional de Informações Espeleológicas - CANIE), a database of the National Centre for Cave Research and Conservation (Centro Nacional de Investigação e Conservação de Cavernas - CECAV) of the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade - ICMBio), an agency of the Ministry of the Environment (MMA). The National Register, an integral part of the National Environmental Information System (Sistema Nacional de Informação do Meio Ambiente - SINIMA), is constituted by information related to national speleological heritage. It was established by CONAMA Resolution No. 347/2004 and developed by ICMBio, based on the conceptual and methodological model of the CAVE Base of the Brazilian Geological Survey (CPRM). CECAV is responsible for technical support and management. The National Register is intended to gather known speleological data, currently dispersed among different sources, and to become the reference tool in the search for updated geospatial information. The initial data, which gave origin to the CANIE, came from the Geo-Spatial Data Base of the Caves of Brazil (Base CECAV), formed from the integration of field surveys carried out by the CECAV technical team; studies and research submitted to the CECAV; specialized bibliography; the National Register of Caves of Brazil (CNC), of the Brazilian Society of Speleology (SBE); and the CODEX of Redespeleo Brasil, whose activities ended in October 2013. The CECAV Base, last available in December 2015, was migrated to CANIE. Users should note that the data in the CANIE are liable to change; thus, entries of new data, corrections and deletions of records may occur, in accordance with the level of validation presented. These data are periodically updated to facilitate use of this information by the external user.
For more information go to: http://www.icmbio.gov.br/cecav/canie.html
Date: 31/12/2017


News
Source: Multiple, specified in each case.
Searching and indexing news related to socio-environmental diversity, its territories, policies and threats from a weekly reading of more than 200 national and regional media sources. Currently, our information system covers more than 180,000 news items, starting in the 1940s. The Instituto Socioambiental is not responsible for the opinions or errors published in these texts; in case of doubt please contact the source directly.
Date: updated daily update

Ramsar Sites
Source: Ramsar Sites Information Service (RSIS)
Date: May 2018

Biosphere Reserves
Source: Ministry of Environment
Date: September 2018

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